According to the laws of the genre

Dulat Moldabayev
Kazakhstan Pravda №60, March, 2018

Do not harm a person and obey his orders. This is the requirement of the Three laws of robotics formulated by Isaac Asimov.  And yet the robots, collected at the exhibition in Astana, did the damage. This time to parents’ purses: the prices for entrance tickets “bite”, and a whole range of services for children was for payment. Nevertheless, there was no release from those wishing to attend the exhibition. The enthusiasm of the children was akin to the half-forgotten emotions of their fathers and mothers, when they were happy with wooden horses.

Nowadays, educational robotics has become a new pedagogical direction, which introduces children to technical creativity, gives them the skills of constructing, programming and modeling. Programs for introducing robotics into the secondary education system are being developed in the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

And Kazakh teachers of robotics got the opportunity to take part in the international competition “The Best Teacher of 2018”, for this it is necessary to present innovative educational and methodological developments using constructors. According to the results of the contest of the best designers, they are invited to speak at the symposium in Boston this summer. In autumn, the winners of the contest “The Best Teacher of the Year” can take part in the International scientific practical conference EdGrunch 2018 in Moscow.

What are the teachers of robotics teaching? According to the director of Robotek club Mikhail Malorod, the child at such classes develops in his own thinking, receiving programming and programming skills, learning to work with multimedia sources of information. Discovering the fascinating world of robotics, the teacher gives him a powerful motivating factor for studying mathematics, information technologies and other related sciences.

These classes contribute to the development of technical speech of student, form his thematic vocabulary. Here we give the basic principles of prototyping and design, algorithmics and programming, the basic concepts of mechanics and dynamics. Consecutive study, built on the principle of “from simple to complex,” gives a good result in the form of knowledge, skills in the field of module-based robotics. The combination of theory and practice allows children to easily acquire and improve their knowledge in the field of informatics, physics, mathematics, technology and design.

Older children study the key principles of programming, develop algorithmic thinking, and debug complex programs for managing models. Receiving subject knowledge through practical experimentation and modeling, studying modern technologies with the help of creating models, they learn about such sections of physics as dynamics, mechanics, optics, thermodynamics, magnetic phenomena, principles of radio communication.

Using such mathematical concepts as speed, acceleration and distance, working with variables, random and threshold values, children get skills in describing processes and technologies in narrative form. The youngest ones (the training of robotics is possible from the age of 5) are mastering such terms as the mechanisms of gears, the reductor, the multiplexer, the stepping mechanism, the external sensors, the regulators.

Having looked at all this, you no longer doubt that the future is behind robots. But only under the condition that they will not violate the Three laws of robotics.

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