There are ethic and moral principles of journalist essential to adhere to. They are:
- avoid plagiarism
- willful misrepresentation of facts
- slander, insult
- use only the information, the source of which he knows. That is, to be convinced of the correctness of information. Avoid fake news.
Special attention is paid to fake information also from the side of law in Kazakhstan. There is a new amendments to the Criminal Code of Kazakhstan, Article 274 “deliberately misleading information”. The punishment for this article is the deprivation of the right to decline for ten years.
However, one of the first fake news was published by the BBC channel as a joke to April 1. For the first time in 1957, journalists decided to experiment with the news in this genre. Soon the same news began to be published in Kazakhstan. A vivid example is the news published by the first channel of Kazakhstan. Namely journalist Aimir Shaukentayeva, through the installation, revealed that she was visiting Russia’s leading Posner. Many TV channels and spectators expressed dissatisfaction saying that it was a fake, but later the first channel reported that it was just a joke.